Discussing 4IR in Job Shop Manufacturing
4IR In Manufacturing and What impact is Industry 4.0 having on South Africa?
What do we mean by the terms Industry 4.0 and “the fourth industrial revolution (4IR)”?
In essence, Industry 4.0 or the 4th industrial revolution is happening as physical and virtual worlds connect ever more seamlessly in the world of work. 4IR technologies are emerging that the will allow manufacturers to make and deliver the same goods in totally different ways. These technologies affect the entire manufacturing value chain from raw materials and the supply chain and management of the shop floor itself to the management of the customer relationship Read more..
4IR In Manufacturing – ARE WE READY?
Current impact of Industry 4.0 – 4IR In Manufacturing
“In a recent study conducted by Deloitte, the majority of those in the manufacturing industry interviewed believe that this revolution 4IR in Manufacturing will have an ongoing and transforming impact on South African society and especially on manufacturing in this country. “
“There are systemic challenges which we will have to overcome like the prohibitive and destructive cost of network connectivity which cripples the adoption of many communications and connection driven business innovations. These cost dynamics even limit the impact of the strong investments made in wireless connectivity across the country. There is also a reluctance to invest in new knowledge and innovations or to fund investigations within business and industry. ” Read more..
Introducing smart technologies and new interaction models
Smart technologies that have the potential to transform South African manufacturing include future developments in materials available for use and processes that connect departments and different businesses using advanced computing and benefit from big data analysis. Connecting with customers and suppliers allows for new and beneficial methods of cooperation and interaction (e.g. mass customisation and collaborative consumption).
In a recent study conducted by Deloitte, their respondents indicated a relatively slow but steady adoption of the smart technologies mentioned, but manufacturers expect to be using them in the future. This would help manufacturers realize the potential of 4IR in manufacturing.
- Advanced analytics
- Cloud computing
- Advanced sensors
- Advanced Robotics
- Additive Manufacturing (3D printing)
South African manufacturers were also found to be slow in adopting the technology-enabled interaction models that are a key part of the 4IR in manufacturing model. These cover including suppliers and customers into the same systems, systems which span companies. We get this with Takealot.com where we buy from another supplier on their site and track delivery which is carried out by yet another company, all in the one web page.
Current adoption of technology-enabled interaction models in SA manufacturing
- Most manufacturers in South Africa see mass customisation, like the mass production of highly customised products and services, as infeasible.
- Most manufacturing businesses that do offer customisation do so at a significant premium and only to specialised conditions Read more..
Infrastructure obstacles and opportunities (Findings in the Deloitte report)
How are you able to prepare your business for 4IR in manufacturing and Industry 4.0?
Manufacturing business in every department will need to be fully aware of trends and key technologies and make changes quickly. Changing may well turn out to be urgent as sudden changes in legislation or breakthrough technologies could make others much more competitive. To achieve this management teams will need to have a longer-term vision in order to notice and exploit useful innovations Read more..
4IR In Manufacturing and how is this transformation of business achieved?
Integrating Information Technology into every part of the business
CASE STUDY – Integrating the Shop-Floor production with your ERP
- Overall project
- Value delivered/results
- Take advantage of the Cloud
- Real-time monitoring
The client, a Made-To-Order hydraulic components manufacturer, wished to eliminate the current cumbersome system for Shop Floor task scheduling, to gain visibility of all Jobs and gain control of the true costing of each piece of work. It was felt that if this could be established it would also be possible to improve customer service communication and satisfaction leading to better client retention and repeat business Read more..
4IR In Manufacturing and Transforming raw data into summarised graphical presentations
One mistake some manufacturing teams make when they begin to collect additional data through 4IR In Manufacturing technology is to expose the raw data as is to management. For inciteful decision-making the data that management are presented needs to have been transformed into: truly useful alarms; notifications; and other output forms – to help guide their decision process Read more..
The combination of real-time visibility of manufacturing workflow prior to entry to and in the factory – and its presentation in easily interpreted formats – enables fact-based decisions and real-time interventions at all levels in your team. This visibility on an individual job basis is empowering for the shop floor artisan and expert Read more..
Moving to a Fourth Industrial Revolution manufacturing business to an Industry 4.0 model, riding the wave of change will be the key differentiator and source of competitive advantage for successful companies. The fourth industrial revolution technologies that are making factories smart are making it possible to do the same things in entirely new ways and to create new products and services with less human interference whilst alerting when the latter human-touch is advisable Read more..
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